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Website on Nepal and Himalayan Studies

Human Rights (bonded labour, forced labour)
Time in Taksindu:
Human Rights

Human rights (general)
Bonded labour
Child rights
Denial of assistance
Fundamental rights

Former kamaiyas, Harawa-Charawa in wait of sustainable liberation (ae 18/07/2023)

Leave no one behind : The Harawa-Charawa system is possibly the last visible evidence of slavery in Nepal, by Jagat Deuja (kp 26/06/2023)

From serf to solicitor : Urmila Chaudhari pursues a law degree to provide former bonded labourers like herself legal support, by Santosh Dahit (nt 24/03/2023)

Haruwa-Charuwa demand rehabilitation program (kh 15/03/2023)

Province govt committed to solving problems facing freed kamaiyas: CM Bhatta (kh 18/09/2022)

Freed Kamaiyas in Kanchanpur awaiting ‘just’ rehabilitation (kh 31/08/2022)

RDN Nepal demands implementation of ‘Study report of freed Kamaiya, Kamlahari, Haruwa-charuwa Situation’ (kh 22/08/2022)

Resettle All Freed Kamaiyas, by Uttam Maharjan (rn 02/08/2022)

Freed Kamalaris staying at Dang hostel seek help for sustenance : For a lack of sufficient funds, the living conditions for 37 students in the hostel have worsened, by Durgalal KC (kp 01/08/2022)

Freedom for Haliyas a long shot even after 14 years of supposed emancipation : A good number of former bonded farm labourers in Sudurpaschim and Karnali find themselves in the dredges of poverty and privation, by Basanta Pratap Singh and Arjun Shah (kp 20/07/2022)

PM Deuba orders to seek ways of addressing problems facing freed Kamaiyas (kp 18/07/2022)

Freed slaves of Western Nepal still await rehabilitation, by Surendra Kafle (ae 20/01/2022)

NHRC takes stock of situation of freed haliyas in Bajura (ht 19/12/2021)

Agriculture Bonded Labour conference concludes (ht 17/12/2021)

Freed Kamlaris yet to receive identity card (kh 26/09/2021)

26 families of freed haliyas receive houses, lands (kh 07/09/2021) [After so many years, this is a drop in the ocean!]

Ex-kamaiyas still waiting for land plots for settlement (kh 23/07/2021)

Food items given to freed haliyas in Bajura (ht 24/06/2021)

Freed haliyas bearing the brunt of pandemic (ht 12/06/2021)

Haliya family struggling for life for want of treatment (ht 02/04/2021), Freed haliyas in Bajura still remain victims of state apathy (ht 04/04/2021)

Industrial area plan faces backlash from former Kamaiyas and landless in BankeAround 500 households living on the proposed site at Baijanath Rural Municipality for generations demand that the government first manage housing for them, by Madhu Shahi (kp 26/02/2021)

Forced labour, bonded labour and child labour prevalent in country’s brick kilns sector, new report says : Organisations call for concerted efforts by all key stakeholders–government, industry employers and workers–to work for a decent work agenda in the country’s brick production industry (kp 29/01/2021) [see UNICEF report], Forced, bonded, child labour thrives in brick kiln sector, report says : Organisations call for efforts by government, industry employers and workers to strive for a decent work agenda in the country’s brick production industry (kp 30/01/2021)

Bajura's Haliya community files complaint with NHRC seeking rights to live (ht 10/01/2021)

Helpless haliya struggling for lack of money (ht 18/12/2020)

Cooperative campaign empowers freed Kamalaris in western Tarai districts : Forty-seven cooperatives have been established in Dang, Banke, Bardiya, Kailali and Kanchanpur for the upliftment of the former Kamalaris’ economic status, by Durgalal KC (kp 18/11/2020)

12 years since their liberation, freed Haliyas in Kanchanpur still await resettlement : Out of 21,069 freed Haliya families in Nepal, only 16,000 are listed in government data, by Bhawani Bhatta (kp 08/07/2020)

Kamalaris are still not free: Government needs to ensure livelihood, employment, education and social security for Kamalari girls and women, by Sarita Nandmehar (rep 14/07/2020)

Food crisis hits haliya families hard in Bajura, by Prakash Singh (ht 09/04/2020)

Floods and erosions threaten settlement built for former bonded labourers in Kanchanpur: The river has already swallowed 13 houses and a school building in the settlement, by Bhawani Bhatta (kp 14/03/2020)

Free Kamalaris are becoming self-reliant in Dang: The Freed Kamalari Development Forum, an organisation formed by former kamalaris, has been providing monetary assistance and income-generating skill training to freed kamalaris to make them financially independent, by Durgalal KC (kp 16/10/2019)

Freed haliyas stage rally in Dadeldhura, by Baburam Shrestha (ht 08/09/2019), 11 years on, many Haliyas struggle for their rights, by Bira Gadal (rep 08/09/2019)

Haliya families demand ID card (ht 01/09/2019)

Freed haliyas complain of being left out of government data: The haliya rehabilitation is  yet to gain momentum, 11 years since their emancipation, by Mohan Shahi (kp 25/07/2019)

19 yrs on, freed Kamaiyas still wait for own land, by Pushparaj Joshi (rep 19/07/2019) [The problem began when the late Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala simply declared them free without caring about the fate of these people. All subsequent governments have also shown no interest in it!]

10 years on, freed Kamaiyas still wait for rehabilitation : Only 34 percent of Rs317.2 million budget allocated for their rehabilitation has been spent so far, by Nirmala Khadayat (kp 10/07/2019), Settle them pronto: It is the duty of the government to provide shelter, food, health and education to the freed kamaiyas and haliyas (ht 10/07/2019)

‘Government money too less to build houses’, by Ram Kumar Kamat (ht 09/07/2019)

Freed Haliyas in Bajura move into new homes: 860 of them have received rehabilitation grants from the central government this fiscal year, by Sangita Timilsena (kp 25/06/2019)

Youths construct learning center in Kamaiya settlement, by Yogesh Rawal (rep 10/05/2019)

Over 30,000 Nepalis still in forced labour, statistics bureau report says: Largest portion—44 percent—are in agriculture and forestry sectors, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp 28/04/2019)

Freed Haliyas seek skill training for employment, by Bhawani Bhatta (kp 23/04/2019)

Krishni Tharu’s journey from ex-Kamlari to Deputy Speaker, by Amrita Anmol (kp 09/03/2019)

Rs 160m distributed to bonded labourers (ht 10/02/2019)

Kamaiya women campaign to end gender violence, by Ganesh Chaudhary (kp 04/02/2019)

Nothing to lose but their chains: Western Nepal’s liberated slaves find that freedom is complicated, by Sewa Bhattarai (nt 26/10/2018)

Over 700 freed Kamaiyas get land plots (kp 22/10/2018)

Gang extorting from freed Kamaiyas held, by Yogesh Rawal (rep 31/08/2018)

Freed Haliyas claim leaders and gov officials extorted portion of their rehabilitation fund: While the situation of freed Haliyas has remained unchanged, those working for their 'welfare' have become rich overnight, by Pushkar Bahdnari (rep 12/08/2018)

‘Many Kamaiya families still live in abject poverty’, by Mohan Budhair (kp 18/07/2018)

Tikapur Campus fighting to get back its 300 bigha land: The Kamaiyas started encroaching on the land of the campus from July 8, 2006, by Yogesh Rawal (rep 12/07/2018)

Left in lurch: The SC has rightly observed that it is a matter of shame if human beings are exploited in the name of customs and practices (ht 09/07/2018)

Call for probe into corruption in Haliya rehabilitation programme, by DR Panta (kp 21/06/2018)

Haliya kids left to fend for themselves (ht 25/04/2018)

Freed Haliya women silently suffer from disease and loans, by Krishna Oli (rep 20/03/2018)

Birth of new sun: Once a source of worries for Tharu girls, Maghi today symbolizes celebration, coming together of family and friends and assertion of Tharu identity, by Reena Burathoki (rep 17/01/2018)

Kin of missing Kamlaris urge govt to find their whereabouts, by Kamal Panthi (kp 15/01/2018)

Ex-Kamalaris now celebrate Maghi with full enthusiasm, by Arjun Oli (rep 14/01/2018)

Freed Haliyas finally get their own homes, by Khamma Khatri (rep 05/01/2018)

Lack of ID cards delays Haliyas' rehabilitation, by Pushkar Bhandari (rep 23/12/2017)

Rehabilitation package not enough, say freed Haliyas (ht 05/10/2017), Not enough: The freed Haliyas lament that the government assistance for their rehabilitation is inadequate to buy a piece of land for building a modest home (ht 06/10/2017)

Freed Kamlaris turning into career women after liberation, by Kamal Panthi (kp 04/10/2017)

Former Kamlaris in Bardiya receive ID cards, by Kamal Panthi (kp 02/09/2017)

Budget for Kamaiya rehabilitation frozen (ht 03/08/2017)

Budget for freed Kamaiyas frozen (kp 24/07/2017)

Many freed Kamaiyas yet to be rehabilitated, by Kamal Panthi (kp 17/07/2017)

Ex-Kamaiyas unable to earn their own lands, by Thakur Singh Tharu and Kamal Panthi (kp 14/07/2017)

Undocumented, domestic helps mired in low wages, exploitation, by Samipa Khanal (kp 18/06/2017), Domestic helps seeking better pay, protection (ht 22/06/2017)

Modern-day domestic slaves: The practice of Kamalari was outlawed 10 years ago, but the traditional system of bonded labour still exists in other forms, by Shreejana Shrestha (nt 16/06/2017)

Fund for rehabilitation of Haliyas (ht 10/05/2017)

Freed from bondage, ready to vote: Seventeen years after emancipation, many ex-kamaiyas prepare to vote in local elections for the first time, by Peter Gill (The Record 08/05/2017)

ILO launches project to combat forced labor (rep 14/02/2017) [see ILO brochure on project], End forced labour: The government should take the predicament of the bonded labourers seriously and provide them with land and also landownership certificates which most of them lack (ht 15/02/2017)

Aftermath of liberation: The story of bonded labourers after attaining freedom is proving to be troublesome, by Narayan P. Bhattarai (kp 13/02/2017)

27 Kamlaris missing for over a decade: Despite unsatisfactory statement, 'masters' left untroubled, by Devendra Basnet (rep 15/12/2016)

Rs500k demanded for rehab of each freed Kamaiya family (kp 10/09/2016)

Haliya liberation limited to paper (ht 07/09/2016), Liberation added to our historical woes: Ex-haliyas, by Krishna Oli (rep 07/09/2016), Budget for freed Haliyas freezes (ht 08/09/2016)

2,000 freed Kamaiyas still waiting for resettlement, by Kamal Panthi (kp 10/07/2016)

Former Kamlaris demand ID cards: The demand pressed by former indentured girl child labourers is in line with the nine-point agreement signed three years ago (kp 31/05/2016), Still indentured: In this day and age, there should be no place for bonded labour (kp 01/06/2016)

A small loan makes a Kamlari's dreams come true, by Yogesh Rawal (rep 22/03/2016)

Freed Kamlaris pursue self-employment, by Thakur Singh Tharu (kp 11/03/2016)

From a bonded labor to an inspiring entrepreneur, by Dilbahadur Chhatyal (rep 08/03/2016)

Ex-Kamlari students cry for medical care: A majority of girls say they have been wearing the school uniform while staying at hostel, by Durgalal KC (kp 07/02/2016)

Two freed Kamlaris climb rungs on academic ladder, by Durgalal KC (kp 24/01/2016)

Young Tharu girls receive bicycles, by Durgalal KC (kp 13/01/2016)

Former Kamlari girls lack warm clothes for winter, by Bhawani Bhatta (kp 24/12/2015)

Freed Haliyas not listed in official records (ht 24/12/2015)

Freed kamlaris becoming self-dependent (ht 22/12/2015)

Freed tillers get new houses as part of govt rehabilitation plan (ht 19/09/2015)

Freed tillers not satisfied with govt rehab package, by Tekendra Deuba (ht 13/09/2015)

Govt fails to resettle freed haliyas (ht 19/08/2015)

Rajbhandari to 'raise bonded labour issue’: Report says approximately 30,000 children and 143,000 adults are still subjected to different kinds of forced labour in Nepal (kp 28/07/2015)

Ex-Kamaiyas await resettlement, by Kamal Panthi (kp 19/07/2015)

Freed Kamlaris faced with hard choices, by Devendra Basnet (kp 11/07/2015)

Haliya rehabilitation moving at snail’s pace (ht 26/06/2015)

Dadeldhura begins rehabilitation of freed Haliyas (ht 20/06/2015)

Freed Kamaiyas reclaim their land after 14 years, by Kamal Panthi (kp 15/06/2015)

Freed Haliya resettlement process begins (ht 27/01/2015)

Freed haliya women facing numerous health problems (ht 22/01/2015)

Freed Kamlaris celebrate Maghi, by Durga Lal KC (kp 15/01/2015)

Freed Kamaiyas face reintegration challenges, by Kamal Panthi (kp 08/01/2015)
Documents / Websites

Report on Employment Relationship Survey in Nepal. UNICEF, January 2021

From Protocol to Practice:
A Bridge to Global Action on Forced Labour
(The Bridge Project)
, by ILO Country Office for Nepal

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