Nepal flag Nepal Research
Website on Nepal and Himalayan Studies

Crisis solution / Never-ending crisis (current)
Time in Kathmandu:

home






biography
crisis
culture
development
economy
education
health
history
human rights
infrastructure
law
media
miscellaneous
nature
politics
society

Crisis solution (current) / 2021 / 2020 / 2019 / 2018 / 2017 / 2016 / 2015 / 2014 / 2013 / 2012 / 2011 / 2010 / 2009 / 2008 / 2007 

Since the Delhi Agreement between seven parliamentary parties and the insurgent CPN (Maoist) of 22 November 2005, the people of Nepal have been waiting in vain for the promised realisation of an inclusive democratic system. Although the then putsching monarchy was abolished and a constitution was passed in 2015 after long power struggles between the political parties, even this was the sole work of the exclusively male leaders of the three major parties, predominantly male Bahuns. The appropriate participation of all social groups, as provided for in the interim constitution of January 2007, did not take place. In this respect, the constitution of 2015 even represented in part a step backwards compared to the interim constitution.
Thus, apart from the abolition of the monarchy, not much has changed since the 1990 system. Numerous fundamental human rights continue to be disregarded. There is no inclusion of all social groups. All power and the majority of all state functions are still in the hands of male Tagadharis, especially male Bahuns.  The latter make up only 6 percent of the population, but the identification of the state and its society and culture, in short the nationalist image of the state of Nepal, is still based on the culture and partly narrow-minded, anarchic, patriarchal and socially discriminating view and thinking of this small minority. Under the Oli government this trend has even intensified. As long as this state of affairs continues and the failed generation of political leaders of all parties is replaced by a younger generation that is inclusive, open-minded, receptive and not exclusively oriented towards personal power interests, there will be no end to the crisis situation.

Timetable:

5906 days since Delhi agreement of political parties
5754 days since King Gyanendra was forced to end his putsch
5542 days since Comprehensive Peace Agreement; government, leading party politicians, former Maoists and army leaders still prevent conclusion of the peace process
5487 days since promulgation of the Interim Constitution
5037 days since elections to CA-I
4406 days since CA-I committees presented suggestions for the new constitution (discussion in CA prevented by leading politicians)
3645 days since SRC presented suggestions for the federal structure (majority suggestion rejected by Nepali Congress)
3528 days since dissolution of CA-I
2987 days since elections to CA-II
2558 days since promised Constitution by CA-II failed
2421 days since non-inclusive deal by male Tagadhari leaders of the three big parties
2317
days since promulgation of non-inclusive and so far still not really implemented constitution through illegal procedure (text of constitution)
2191 days since unilateral and non-inclusive first amendment of the new constitution
1463 days since the federal system should have been implemented; still missing: laws, infrastructure, fiscal regulations, staff, naming of states and capitals, etc.
1438 days since KP Oli became PM: most of the necessary working processes not really completed, yet; instead, growing violation of fundamental rights, federal chaos, unabated nepotism, corruption and power struggles; putsch and breaking of the constitution
0761 days since the Samajbadi Party Nepal left the coalition government after PM Oli refused any discussion to make the constitution more inclusive though this promise had been decisive for cooperation
0399 days since PM Oli putsched and destroyed the democratic system with the help of President Bidya Devi Bhandari
0334 days since the Supreme Court confirmed the deliberate unconstitutionality of Oli's procedure : Oli continues to reject personal consequences and further destroys democracy and state
0322 days since the Supreme Court ruled that the merger of CPN-UML and CPN-MC to form the NCP on 17 May 2018 was illegitimate, thereby reactivating the two original parties: all parties want power, but not democracy and the rule of law
0195 days since the Supreme Court reinstated the House of Representatives again and ordered the replacement of Prime Minister KP Oli by Sher Bahadur Deuba; no perspective in sight


Links to articles:
Documents and websites:

23/01/2022: EC directs RPP to remove ‘monarchy’ and ‘Hindu state’ from its statute (kh), EC warns of action if RPP does not amend statute, party logo (rep), RPP calls office bearers’ meeting as EC asks to remove Hindu state, monarchy from party statute (kh), RPP to seek political and legal redressal against EC’s call to remove Hindu state, monarchy from party statute (kh), What if the local elections are not held on time? As the government is dithering over when to hold the local elections, experts warn that deferring local polls can have consequences on federalism and can also invite constitutional crisis, by Nishan Khatiwada (nlt), 'Simultaneous elections not feasible', by Ram Kumar Kamat (ht), Confusion in Nepali Congress over polls, particularly local elections : Deuba is in a fix as he feels obliged to coalition partners while he faces pressure from his own party leaders, by Anil Giri (kp), It is govt’s responsibility to shape local level by holding polls: EC (rep), Pandemic can derail progress made in child nutrition, UNICEF warns : Says Nepal achieved marked progress in reducing child stunting during 2002-2016 (kp), Govt preparing to spend additional Rs 240 million to decorate new ministers’ quarters (rep) [Corruption in its purest form!], Model social inclusion policy for local levels (ht), World Economics Forum outlines 5 risk factors for Nepal in 2022 (kh)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

22/01/2022: Amid sluggish government response, Covid-19 third wave rampages the country : Public health experts say without prompt, reliable and effective response to battle the pandemic, Nepal risks becoming the hotspot of the unimagined rapid surge, a rise of serious cases and even deaths, by Amish Neupane (nlt) [There is nothing to expect. Nepal's politicians have only their power interests in mind, not the concerns of the people, for whose solution they have applied and want to apply again this year!], Nepal progresses significantly in nutrition of mothers and children at risk: UNICEF. There are many reasons behind this improvement but one of the major reasons is the involvement of more than 50,000 female community health volunteers (nlt), Ruling alliance to consult legal experts amid confusion over timing of three polls : Deuba’s coalition partners say they are considering holding the three tiers of election simultaneously, by Anil Giri and Tika R Pradhan (kp), Nepal Oil says it is bankrupt, further price rises foreseen : Situation is so bleak that it is back to the bad old days when the loss-making, cash-strapped public enterprise used to ask the government for handouts to import fuel, by Krishana Prasain (kp), Activists call for sacking Minister Yadav for her incendiary remarks : A group of activists has said a sitting minister threatening target killings is the result of unchecked lack of accountability in the country (kp), NC General Secy Sharma suggests dismissal of Minister Yadav (kh), Prime minister says all outstanding issues will be sorted out through talks : Deuba, in his address to the nation, says the House will resume through agreement (kp) [You have so many urgent tasks that need action, not talks!], Around 33 percent households remain at risk of falling into poverty due to COVID-19 pandemic, survey reveals (kh), Nurture Good Politics In Nepal, by Dev Raj Dahal (rn), Experts underscore overhauling reforms in formulating legislation (kh) [What legislation? This has been blocked for months by the anti-democrat KP Oli, who even before as PM preferred not to pass laws through parliament, but to impose them through ordinances!]
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

21/01/2022: The foe within : Our entire state is a shining example of commissions, kickbacks, and kleptocracy, by Amish Raj Mulmi (kp), Measuring poverty in Madhesh: What should be done? The government of Madhesh province has been claiming all along that it is a pro-poor government. On what basis is the government evaluating the poverty situation of the province?, by Randhir Chaudhary (nlt), Maoist chair Dahal’s non sequitur sends ripples across the political spectrum : Proposal to hold general elections in April-May by delaying local level polls, which must be held by that time, has been criticised as being against the system and rule of law, by Anil Giri (kp), Prachanda’s proposal of ‘early elections’ triggers ripples in Nepali political spectrum (kh), Dance of democracy : Two parties in ruling coalition block holding local elections on schedule, by Santa Gaha Magar (nt), Polls in the time of pandemic : Playing politics with local elections will undermine Nepal’s democracy and grassroots development (nt), Women journalists say they face harassment, but actions rarely taken : Calls for making working space safe have been lost in din of the ‘nothing unusual’ refrain, by Ankit Khadgi (kp), Victims of negligence : Most of the relief work usually falls on the shoulders of ordinary citizens rather than the state (kp), Working-journalists Association demands probe over Civil Hospital’s neglect to treat journo (kh) [Rejected for reasons of caste??], Civil society representatives protest life threatening remarks of sitting minster (kh), The scars of war : Two siblings who survived a Maoist attack in 2002 speak of their long struggle and hopes for the future, by Sahina Shrestha (nt)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

20/01/2022: Panel to ask PM on inclusive, proportional system in envoy appointment (ht), Democracy in political parties : Why do the same leaders continue?, by Krishna Man Pradhan (ht), Minister Renu Yadav gives provocative statement; threatens to kill CK Raut (kh) [If the minister has really expressed this in such a way, she is no longer sustainable for a minute and should be dismissed immediately!], Nepal’s sitting minister threatens to repeat the ‘Gaur massacre’: Here’s the story of the 2007 carnage and impunity that followed : Since 2007, victims of the carnage have been demanding justice but to no avail, by Nishan Khatiwada (nlt), No China involvement is India’s caveat for buying power from Nepali plants : The southern neighbour has but one concern about buying electricity—who is helping develop projects in Nepal, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp) [Interference by both India and the U.S. in the context of their own anti-China interests!], New school reform plan set for rollout despite two previous flops : A 10-year Rs953.43b Education Sector Plan will come into action in July, by Binod Ghimire (kp), Prioritise Public Education, by Umesh Raj Regmi (rn), Queues and chaos : Every wave seems to expose our lack of preparedness, always leaving things to be done at the eleventh hour (kp), Quick and effective decisions : The government should show how its policy decisions can create changes on the ground in favour of farmers, by Madhukar Upadhya (kp), Have No Dilemma On Local Polls, by Mukti Rijal (rn), Shocking revelation : It proves that the persons assigned to vaccinate the public had sold them in the black market for personal gain (ht), Dahal proposes to hold general election in April-May, by Ameet Dhakal (Setopati), संवैधानिक व्यवस्थाअनुसार ६ महिनाभित्र स्थानीय निर्वाचन गर्न सकिन्छ : दाहाल (ka)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

19/01/2022: Constitutional and legal contradictions surface amid local election talks : Some parties in the ruling coalition appear to be in bid to exploit the loopholes to delay local level polls, which have been proposed by the poll body for April-May, by Anil Giri (kp), The Election Commission should be allowed to decide when it wants to hold the polls (kp), Provinces, local units rely heavily on Kathmandu for resources : Sub-national governments have been forced to compromise on their autonomy in decision-making due to their over-reliance for resources on the federal government, experts say, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp), Redrawing the map : Territorial issues between countries are as challenging to resolve as claims over land ownership between squabbling siblings, by CK Lal (kp), Internally democratic : Nepal’s political parties are required to ensure inclusive, decentralized democratic processes in their internal functioning but they remain highly centralized, by Sambridh Ghimire (rec) [Today's male party leaders are neither willing nor able to do this! They see themselves as the only rightful and godlike owners of Nepal!]
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

18/01/2022: Children without father or born through second marriages deprived of birth registration : Many children are stateless as they are unable to get citizenship certificates due to lack of birth registration documents issued by ward office, by Amrita Anmol (kp) [How can a state that calls itself a democratic constitutional state deny citizenship to children because their parents were not legally married to each other? This is a serious violation of international law!], Ruling alliance agrees to hold local polls in April (nlt), Experts call for bringing India, China on board to resolve Kalapani row : Modi statement on Lipulekh has created fresh uproar, with Delhi, Kathmandu issuing statements one after another, by Anil Giri (kp), Stagflation looms large : Decreasing remittances, dwindling forex reserves and widening balance of payment deficit are impossible to be reversed overnight, by Achyut Wagle (kp), The lasting scars of war: sexual violence during the conflict : Fifteen years since the 10-year conflict ended, there is no justice and little peace for victims of rape and sexual violence, by Ameesha Rayamajhi and Deepesh Shrestha (rec)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

17/01/2022: Fake stories on MCC Vs nationalism: Readers confused with eye-popping headlines (kh), Mass meetings, rallies and gatherings banned until Feb 12 (kh), Nepal reeling under fertilizer shortage as China reluctant to supply it on time : 38,500 metric tons of fertilizer stuck in China, by Eak Raj Bastola (kh), Deuba in poll dilemma— whether to listen to his party or alliance partners : At least two parties in his coalition want three tiers of elections in one go. Congress thinks otherwise, by Anil Giri (kp), Migrants return : The reverse movement of migrants can be perceived either as a problem or an opportunity by the authorities (kp), UML seeks government accountability while it holds the House of Representatives hostage : A dysfunctional Parliament is unlikely to convene meetings anytime soon amid Covid-19 scare, by Binod Ghimire (kp), CK Raut-led Janamat party announces protest programs (kh), Janakpur voted permanent capital of State 2 (kh), The bitter struggle behind sweet sugar: Is the industry on the verge of collapse? Sugar mills are crushing farmers instead of sugarcane, while the successive governments stand as mute spectators secretly serving the crony capitalists while ignoring the farmers who are fighting for justice (nlt)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

16/01/2022: Rights violation of women, children worrisome (ht), FDI in first five months of current FY increases by 49.6 percent; Govt’s capital expenditure stands at 13.44 percent (kh), Govt’s capital expenditure stood only 13.44 percent in the first half of current FY, less than last year’s 14.4 percent (rep), NA Meeting Scheduled For Monday Postponed Again (rn), HoR meeting postponed due to COVID-19 (kh), COVID-19 third wave: Political leaders in isolation (kh), Government reiterates Limpiyadhura, Kalapani and Lipulekh belong to Nepal (kh), Lipulekh, Limpiyadhura and Kalapani integral parts of Nepal: Government : Nepal government has been requesting Indian government to stop unilateral construction/expansion of any road that goes via Nepali territory, Minister Karki says (kp)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

15/01/2022: Division over local level poll dates as two ruling parties press for delays : CPN-UML for Election Commission-proposed dates while the Congress wants fresh discussion with political forces, by Binod Ghimire (kp), Calls grow in ruling parties for Deuba to speak up on Lipulekh : Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba is under pressure to respond to Modi’s statement on India’s road expansion through the territory that Nepal has included in its map, by Anil Giri (kp), Media for Deep Democratization : Democratization should not be misunderstood as merely creating more structures, populating them and pursuing ritual elections, by Mohan Nepali (rep), Public Space Makes Authority Responsible, by Dev Raj Dahal (rn), Janamat Party stages protest rally in Gaur (ht), Six months in power: Deuba Government has been a monumental failure : Here is a list of major failures that mark the six months in office of Prime Minister Deuba, by Nishan Khatiwada (nlt)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

14/01/2022: Amid a virus crisis, Nepalis grapple with an inflation burst : Inflation hits a 64-month high to 7 percent. Prices are going through the roof, which could affect the overall standards of living and hamstring economic growth, by Krishana Prasain (kp), Nepal’s economy’s facing hard time: Former Finance Minister Dr. Lohani (kh), Economic forecast : For a country like Nepal to fully return to the pre-pandemic level, the govt needs to vaccinate its total eligible population (ht), Gamgadhi fire victims shiver under flimsy tents in winter chill : A massive fire on November 15 last year had destroyed 21 houses in the Mugu district headquarters, by Raj bahadur Shahi (kp) [Failure of the Deuba government to provide assistance! The party convents were probably more important!], New virus wave hits political meetings, gatherings : Cabinet has not been able to meet since January 5. With their leaders in isolation, political parties have postponed scheduled events, by Anil Giri (kp), The right to live : The misuse of technology to enforce sex-selective abortion needs to stop (kp), Nepal’s global image : There is no logic that resource-rich Nepal should remain at a lower rung of the development ladder indefinitely, by Yagya Bahadur Hamal (kp), Will the current coalition continue until the next election? CPN (Maoist Center) and CPN (Unified Socialist) are the biggest advocates of sustaining the coalition until the elections as if their existence would be endangered if they compete in the election under the respective party banners, by Nishan Khatiwada (nlt), Nepal’s ruling party Nepali Congress asks New Delhi to immediately stop road construction in the Lipulekh area : Nepali Congress has categorically claimed that Lipulek, Limpiyadhura and Kalapani are Nepal’s territory and India should respect historical evidence (nlt), Lessons still not learnt : On National Earthquake Safety Day on 15 January, let us remember that the 2015 quake taught us to be better prepared (nt)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

13/01/2022: Nepal failed in preventing Covid deaths and addressing rights challenges: HRW (kp) [see HRW report on Nepal], Gender bias forcing women into sex-selective abortions : Sex-selective abortions are illegal in Nepal but are still widely practised for preference of sons over daughters, rights activists say, by Rupa Gahatraj and Aakash Chaudhary (kp), Deuba’s six months in office: A poor show of governance : There is not much for the government to boast about on any front, observers and analysts say, by Anil Giri (kp), Poor families yet to get one-time grant of Rs10,000 : Those receiving the government incentive must be willing to work voluntarily in the future under the Prime Minister Self Employment Programme, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp), Dang police office registers complaint in conflict-era disappearance case : Victims are losing hope in transitional justice bodies and are turning to regular justice process, by Binod Ghimire (kp), Covid surge threatens to hinder Nepal’s economic recovery : Nepal’s economy has been estimated to grow 3.9 percent this fiscal year, unchanged from its June 2021 outlook, the World Bank says in its Global Economic Prospects report, by Sangam Prasain (kp), Inflation soars to 7.11 percent in the fifth month of current FY, general people hit hard as prices of daily essentials reach five-year high (rep), Inflation on the rise, remittance dwindling and foreign exchange reserve depleting (kh), MCC, Indo-PacificStrategy and Nepal-US Relations, by Dron Lamichhane (rep), Civil Society At The Crossroads, by Mukti Rijal (rn)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

12/01/2022: Supreme Court orders immediate distribution of senior citizen allowance (kh), Two major Madhes-based parties in crisis : Disputes deepen in Upendra Yadav’s Janata Samajbadi Party and Mahantha Thakur’s Loktantrik Samajbadi Party over key appointments (kp), Nepal Faces New Geopolitical Reality, by Yuba Nath Lamsal (rn), Investigation stopped : It seems that the attorney's office is under pressure from the powers that be which do not want the case to move forward (ht), Why case filing in document forgery in Lalita Niwas land grab scam has been delayed : Police submitted documents so as to move case by January 11; district attorney office returns it for more investigation, says statute of limitations not applicable, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp), Country in crisis: Need for responsible Opposition, government, by Jiba Raj Pokharel (ht)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

11/01/2022: Cronyism in Nepali politics : The government instead of acting as a neutral player seems instead to be a puppet in the hands of a few individuals (kp), Divisive politics : The disillusionment campaign begins in an election year with millions of first-time voter, by Sujeev Shakya (kp), Nepal’s democracy, political parties and internal politics, by Raghab Sharma (kh), Second wave caught Nepal unawares. No lessons learned a year later : No strategies made to fight new surge when there was lull despite warnings of an explosion of infections, experts say, by Arjun Poudel (kp), Prithivi Jayanti and National Unity Day: Unity in Diversity, by Shankar Man Singh (rep), Enhancing the Dialogue Efficiency of Political Parties in Nepal, by Dev Raj Dahal (tn), That iconic portrait of Prithvi Narayan Shah, by Pranaya Shamsher JB Rana (rec)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

10/01/2022: As cases rise, Covid response agency recommends slew of new measures : Limiting gatherings to 25 people, school closure until January-end, and vaccination cards at public places, among the suggested measures, by Arjun Poudel (kp), Education Ministry decides to close schools until Jan 29 (kh), Nepal’s mask-averse politicians : On most occasions, Nepali leaders barely cover their nose and mouth, while they often play fast and loose with health safety protocols, disregarding the virus threat, by Tika R Pradhan & Binod Ghimire (kp) [At the same time, politicians continue to call for mass meetings. This can be called irresponsible at best, but it is more criminal!], Control the spread : To break the chain of spread requires a concerted effort of the authorities and the entire community (kp), He was murdered for his fight to save environment. Justice eludes his family two years on : Justice has not been served in Omprakash (Dilip) Mahato’s murder. Instead, the victim’s family faces false allegations, by Tufan Neupane (kp)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

09/01/2022: Need for openness in governance : The age of democratic accountability in Nepal also needs to emphasise citizen engagement, by Taranath Dahal (kp), PM Deuba intensifies efforts to ratify MCC  (kh), Deuba makes overtures to Oli over House obstruction, MCC : UML chair says position remains the same on both issues, by Anil Giri (kp), Senior leaders in isolation after Dahal tests positive for Covid-19 : Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and other ruling alliance leaders were present in two meetings on Thursday and Friday attended by the Maoist chair, by Tika R Pradhan (kp), Taking economic growth rate to 7 percent is challenging: Governor Adhikari (kh), Political leadership’s myopic vision impeding national drive for development: Dr. Bhattarai (kh), Ward member, teacher arrested for settling rape case involving 77-year-old woman (rep)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

08/01/2022: Health institutions in Achham reel under lack of infrastructure and manpower : There are more than 500 health institutions in the district and none of them is equipped to provide essential services, by Menuka Dhungana (kp), Dilapidated Salyan Prison overcrowded with inmates : The stone-and-mud building with four rooms shelters 129 inmates, including 22 women and three of their children, by Biplab Mahrajan (kp), Govt mulls closing int'l border, suspending flights to and from Nepal as COVID-19 cases see a fresh spike (rep), Oli has held parliament hostage: NC General Secretary Thapa (rep), Why are some countries rich and others poor?, by Vaishally Shah (rep), Perils Of Pre-Political Politics, by Dev Raj Dahal (rn), CCMCC decides to close schools till Jan 29 in view of surging COVID-19 cases : Vaccination card made mandatory at public places, including airports (kh)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

07/01/2022: Despite constitutional mandate, women’s representation in Nepali politics remains minimal, by Anushka Nepal (nlt), 90 percent employed women are working informally in Nepal : Women informal sector workers share a disproportionate burden of unpaid care work and family responsibilities that limit their job opportunities, by Aakriti Ghimire (kp), Declining standards of journalism : Spreading misinformation affects media credibility and harms all democratic institutions, by Ila Sharma (kp), Battling the Shame of Periods Stain : Why cannot we just normalize a period stain? Why do girls have to be ashamed of something biological and completely natural?, by Jyoti Sharma (rep), Ruling, opposition parties doing little to end stalemate, by Ram Kumar Kamat (ht), Study shows only 0.30 % of news stories in Nepali media have bylines of women journalists (rep) [see corresponding report], Volatile Mix of Politics and Religion : Local elections this year will be a kind of referendum on federalism and secularism (nt), Clean up elections to clean up politics : In a democracy, elections force accountability but the voting process itself needs to be overhauled, by Shristi Karki (nt)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

06/01/2022: The fire of Hindutva upsurge : The combustible mixture of religion and politics is likely to widen the gulf between different communities, by CK Lal (kp), Despite current calm, standoff in Supreme Court portends larger complications : Constitutional Bench is unable to sit, Judicial Council is ineffective and Judicial Service Commission hasn’t met, delaying judges’ appointments, promotions and transfers, by Binod Ghimire (kp) [Since the beginning of KP Oli's authoritarian and anti-democratic actions, Nepal has increasingly been showing signs of a failing state!], No encouragement for start-ups : Strategies must be put in place to provide a conducive environment to allow the youths to thrive (kp), Industry and commerce in disarray due to headless ministry : The Deuba administration has not appointed a new industry minister since the previous incumbent left office last May, by Krishana Prasain (kp), All officials, except two, at Maoist Center’s central office test positive for COVID19 : Maoist Center Chair Prachanda isolating himself from today itself (kh), Is Landlockedness a Boon or a Curse for Nepal? Changing the Grand Narrative, by Pradip Kumar Kafle (rep), Charge-sheet ready : Land mafias would not have dared grab the govt land without a nexus of the politicians, bureaucrats and even justices (ht), Nepal as a battleground in the era of ‘Great Power Competition’, by Rajan Karki (tn), Burning despair : The recent law on acid attacks is a step in the right direction but it would’ve gone a longer way had it also accounted for burn survivors, by Marissa Taylor (rec), What if… (local) elections cannot be held on time?, by Kamal Dev Bhattarai (ae), Nepal’s federal provinces: Missed opportunities, by Thira Lal Bhusal (ae)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

05/01/2022: Nepal can do much better : Journalists and state agencies are both to blame for the low ranking in the press freedom index, by Bhanu Bhakta Acharya (kp), Nepal emerging as a transit and destination country for forced labor and sex trafficking: Report. The study has also found out that traffickers have also been operating under the cover of educational consultancies to lure young children to go abroad for education (nlt) [see corresponding World Bank report], Over 4.4 million people involved in informal sector face vulnerabilities, by Eak Raj Bastola (kh), All you need to know about National Assembly elections : 19 members will be elected on January 26 to replace those who are retiring on March 4 (kp), Their five-year terms are ending but most local units still don’t own office buildings : Federal officials blame lack of funds and unresolved issues at the local level, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp), Women’s Battle For Leadership, by Namrata Sharma (rn), 128 Landslide Survivors In Nawalparasi Continue To Spend Night In Open (rn), Chinese Ambassador Hou meets MCC Task Force Coordinator Khanal (kh), What is CK Raut up to? After earning opprobrium for being a secessionist for a long time and then receiving praises for joining mainstream politics respecting Nepali sovereignty, CK Raut is again in the headlines. Is he doing politics the right way?, by Nishan Khatiwada (nlt)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

04/01/2022: Nepal's federalism: Time for a review : The first elected local governments under the federal constitution promulgated in 2015 are near completion of their five-year tenure, by Achyut Wagle (kp), And the chairman proclaimed: ‘I am the chairman; elect me’ : The Maoist Centre convention is much ado about nothing, as its sole aim was to reinstall Dahal as leader, insiders and observers say, by Tika R Pradhan (kp), Convention of appointees : The message from the jamborees is a preview of what to expect during the general elections (kp) [Voters shall once again only be allowed to choose between the old and repeatedly failed politicians who do not represent society in terms of gender or ethnicity. All parties agree on this! What kind of democracy is this anyway?], Major parties pick candidates as they brace for National Assembly elections : Prospects grim for UML. Except in Province 1, ruling alliance controls enough weight to beat the main opposition party, by Anil Giri (kp), EC dismisses Milan Pandey's complaint (rep)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

03/01/2022: Electoral Integrity: A Crucial Aspect of Sustaining Democracy, by Rajaram Bartaula (rep), Hope and despair : Beneath their tall claims, politicians desire to attain power at any cost (kp), Maoists pledged to uplift marginalised. And they further marginalised them : Dalits in party are questioning if they are going to get the promised space, as they are left out of committees now, by Tika R Pradhan (kp), Deuba accused of nominating only supporters to Congress central committee : Among 13 nominated, just two, or mere 15 percent, are women, by Binod Ghimire (kp), Deconstructing Political Hierarchy, by Madhav Prasad Aryal (rn), Stop interfering : Frustration runs high among those police personnel who don't have the connections or money to influence their promotions and transfers (ht), Ruling coalition shares seats in National Assembly : To jointly field candidates in NA poll (kh)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

02/01/2022: Police open fire on CK Raut’s party cadres, five injured (kh) [The police shot at these people just because they were demonstrating? Not even in the case of damage to property would the use of firearms have been appropriate!], At least 16 injured as Janamat Party cadres clash with security personnel in Dhanusa : Eight security personnel and eight party cadres have been injured so far. Authorities are still trying to bring the situation under control, said police (kp), Desmond Tutu and Nepal : Tutu’s death has become an occasion of soul-searching in tackling the multiple whammies, by Abhi Subedi (kp), Wake up from this dreamy world : Ours is a country where personal interests always take precedence over national interests, by Tim Gurung (kp) [And all the failed "top politicians"! are so ignorant and refuse to understand that they have to go if they want to finally do the country a service!], Maoist Path Of Revolution : Who Will Bell The Cat?, by Ritu Raj Subedi (rn), Follow Einstein’s Socialism, by Parmeshwar Devkota (rn), Incidents Of Violation Of Press Freedom Increasing (rn), Over 9,000 crimes against women in five months (ht), End interference in security bodies, CIAA tells home ministry (ht)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)

01/01/2022: Extrajudicial killings and the wait for justice : Unlawful executions by police, especially in the Tarai, have continued despite rights organisations including the United Nations calling on Nepal to act to stop them, by Tufan Neupane (kp), Press freedom violation cases on the rise (ht), Call for more inclusive media in terms of content, participation (ht), Hostility to media continues even as instances of press freedom violation see a decline in 2021 (rep), Nepal unique in guaranteeing women’s rights: PM Deuba (kh) [No, Mr Deuba, the opposite is the case!], 434 at risk of trafficking rescued (rep), Looking back at 2021: The year not to be forgotten in politics : The year 2021 witnessed a lot of unpleasant and unfortunate political events that are going to shape Nepal’s politics in 2022, by Nishan Khatiwada (nlt), Election process for National Assembly polls begins from today (kh), Politics in 2021 : Democracy was saved but hope is all we have, by Kosh Raj Koirala (rep), Civic Face Of Constitutional Democracy, by Dev Raj Dahal (rn)
see also news programmes of Kantipur TV : morning (English), evening (Nepali)


World Report 2022 - Nepal chapter, by Human Rights Watch

Vulnerability to Human Trafficking in Nepal : From enhanced regional connectivity. World Bank Group, December 2021

Fiscal policy for sustainable development _ Nepal - Public expenditure review, by World Bank, 6 December 2021

Unprepared and Unlawful: Nepal’s Continued Failure to realize the right to health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Briefing paper by International Commission of Jurists, 13 September 2021

Democracy and constitutional crisis in Nepal, by Karl-Heinz Krämer. Nepal Observer 71, 20 August 2021

Nepal Multidimensional Poverty Index 2021, by NPC et al., 18 August 2021

Violations in the name of conservation : "What crime had I committed by putting my feet on the Land that I own?" Amnesty International, 9 August 2021

Nepal: "Struggling to breathe".  The second wave of Covid-19 in Nepal, by Amnesty International (14/06/2021)

HRW report “I Must Work to Eat” - Covid-19, Poverty, and Child labor in Ghana, Nepal, and Uganda, by Human Rights Watch (26/05/2021)

Youth Anxiety, Aspiration, and Activism: Survey Report, by Niti Foundation and ILO, April 2021

Nepal Child Labour Report 2021, by International Labour Organisation and Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal

Nepal 2020. Excerpt from Amnesty International Report 2020/21 (07/04/021)

2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Nepal. US Department of State, 30 March 2021

Annual Report 2020, by NHRC. Lalitpur, February 2020

Nepal: Human Rights Commission’s Integrity in Jeopardy : Lack of Transparency in Appointments Undermine Effectiveness, Public Confidence, common statement by Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and International Commission of Jurists, 1 March 2021

World Report 2021 : Nepal - Events of 2020, by Human Rights Watch, January 2021

Putsch at the top of the state, 60 years after Mahendra's coup d'état, by Karl-Heinz Krämer. Nepal Oberver 62, December 25, 2020

Nepal Human Development Report 2020, UNDP and NPC, 13/12/2020

The Government of Nepal has been using the Covid-19 Pandemic to Exercise Control, to Commit Human Rights Violations and to Deny Justice to Victims of Human Rights Abuses, by AHRC, 09/12/2020

राष्ट्रिय मानव अधिकार आयोगको वार्षिक प्रतिवेदन (२०७६–२०७७), National Human Rights Commission, 07/12/2020

No Law, No Justice, No State for Victims : The Culture of Impunity in Post-Conflict Nepal. Report by Human Rights Watch. 20/11/2020

Nepal : Justice stalled for conflict victims. Amnesty International submission for the UN universal periodic review, 37th session of the UPR working group, January 2021 (Amnesty International, 23/10/2020)

आयोगको २० वर्ष आयोगका सिफारिशहरु र कार्यान्वयन अवस्था (२०५७ जेठ–२०७७ असार), National Human Rights Commission, 15/10/2020

The NHRI Nepal Joint Submission for The Third Cycle Universal Periodic Review of Nepal, 2020. Submitted by National Human Rights Commission, National Women Commission and National Dalit Commission, March 24, 2020 (revised 07/09/2020)

Human Rights and the Rule of Law in a Federal Nepal: Recommendations from an ICJ High-Level Mission, by ICJ: Geneva, July 2020

Nepal’s Universal Periodic Review: Human Rights Review Should Address Broken Commitments, Impunity, by Human Rights Watch, 16/07/2020), see submission report by HRW (15/07/2020)

Lawyers at risk: Law Society submits joint UPR report on Nepal, by The Law Society of England and Wales, 13 July 2020 (see also factsheet and submission)

2019 Trafficking in Persons Report: Nepal, by US Department of State

2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, by US Department of State, 11 March 2020

Rule of Law Index Nepal 2020, by World Justice Project, 11 March 2020

Nepal Human Rights Year Book 2020, by INSEC, Kathmandu 2020

Annual Report: Synopsis 2018/2019, by NHRC. Kathmandu: January 2020

Nepal 2019. In: Human Rights in Asia-Pacific. Review of 2019. Amnesty International, 29 January 2020

Nepal: Recent Steps Undermine Transitional Justice, by ICJ, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and TRIAL International, 25 January 2020

Nepal: Events of 2019, by Human Rights Watch, January 2020, pp. 418-422

Human Development Report 2019: Inequalities in Human Development in the 21stCentury. Briefing note for countries on the 2019 Human Development Report: Nepal. New York: UNDP 2019

Nepal: 13 Years On, No Justice for Conflict Victims. Joint statement by ICJ, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch (HRW) and TRIAL International, 25 November 2019

Nepal: New NGO Law Should Protect Rights
Government’s Recent Moves Have Restricted Activists
, by Human Rughts Watch, 14 November 2019

Nepal: Release Report on 2015 Protest Violence: Suppressing Lal Commission Findings Denies Justice to Terai Victims, by Human Rights Watch, 1 October 2019

On the Occasion of International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, by Advocacy Forum - Nepal, 26 June 2019

The Legal Stranglehold, by International Federation of Journalists, 3 May 2019

Regressive Laws, Mounting Violations, report by Freedom Forum, 3 May 2019

Nepal: To End Hunger, Strengthen and Implement Right to Food Law. Amnesty International 04 April 2019

Nepal 2018 Human Rights Report, by US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor

Human Rights Yearbook 2019, by INSEC, 17 February 2019

Fighting inequality in Nepal: The road to prosperity. OXFAM report, 11 January 2019

Media Freedom Deteriorating. Annual media freedom report 2018 by Freedom Forum

Preliminary Comments: Draft Bill to Amend the Act on Commission on Investigation of Disappeared Persons, Truth and Reconciliation, 2014], by Amnesty International, ICJ and TRIAL International, 20 July 2018

Preliminary Comments of Conflict Victims’ Common Platform (CVCP) on proposed TJ draft bill to amend Commission of Inquiry on Enforced Disappearances, Truth and Reconciliation Act, 2014, 17 July 2018

Nepal: Transitional Justice Reform an Urgent Need;
Current Draft Law Does Not Meet International Standards on Prosecuting Worst Crimes
, by Human Rights Watch, 7 July 2018

Rule of Law Index 2017-2018 - Nepal, by World Justice Project

Nepal 2017 Human Rights Report, by US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor

Amnesty International Annual Report 2017/2018 on Nepal, 22 February 2018

Nepal: Transitional Justice Proving Elusive Term Extensions do not Cure Act’s Fundamental Problems. Joint press statement by ICJ, HRW and AI, 13 February 2018

Nepal: Events of 2017, by Human Rights Watch, January 2018

Preliminary results of Nepal’s parliamentary elections of 2017 (with some comparisons to the CA elections of November 2013), by K.-H. Krämer, Nepal Observer 44, 17 December 2017

Gender and Nepal’s transition from war, by Jeevan Baniya, Sambriddhi Kharel, Deepak Thapa and Alexander Ramsbotham. Accord, 14 September 2017

Nepal’s Transitional Justice Process: Challenges and Future Strategy. A Discussion Paper, by International Commission of Jurists, August 2017

Elections in Nepal: 2017 Local Elections, Frequently Asked Questions, by International Foundation for Electoral Systems, 10 May 2017

“Building inequality": The failure of the Nepali government to protect the marginalised in post-earthquake reconstruction efforts (Amnesty International 25/04/2017)

"What I want is for the government to help". Nepal: Ensure the right to adequate housing for the marginalised in post-earthquake Nepal (Amnesty International 25/04/2017)

Two steps forward, one step back
The Nepal peace process
, by Deepak Thapa and Alexander Ramsbotham. Accord 26, March 2017

Serious Crimes in Nepal’s Criminal Code Bill, 2014. A Briefing Paper by International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), March 2017

Statement on renewed escalation in Tarai, by Surya Subedi (in Nepali and English, originally: Kantipur, 9 March 2017)

Nepal 2016 Human Rights Report, by US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, 3 March 2017

Nepal 206/17, report by Amnesty International, 22 February 2017

Nepal: extending transitional justice commissions without granting real powers betrays trust of victims, by International Commission of Jurists, 10  February 2017

Nepal: Decade After Peace, Scant Progress On Justice; Political Parties Fail to Deliver on Promises, by Human Rights Watch, 18 October 2016

Statement on the CIAA and reports on investigation of Social Science Baha (SSB) and Alliance for Social Dialogue (ASD) (BNAC 01/10/2016)

“Our Time to Sing and Play”: Child Marriage in Nepal, by Human Rights Watch, 7 September 2016 [see also video]

Supporting Safety of Journalists in Nepal. Paris, August 2016

Nepal - Torture and Coerced Confessions, by Amnesty International, 19 July 2016

The Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (Control) Bill, 2014. A Briefing Paper by International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), June 2016

Nepal 2015 Human Rights Report, by US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, 14 April 2016

International Crisis Group: Nepal’s Divisive New Constitution: An Existential Crisis, Asia Report N°276. Brussels, 4 April 2016

INSEC Yearbook 2016 (19 February 2016)

HRW: World Report 2016, Nepal chapter (27 January 2016)

Constitution of Nepal 2015 (Nepal Gazette 20 September 2015)

BNAC Statement: End the Political Crisis in Nepal and Indo-Nepal Relations (9 November 2015)

International Crisis Group: Nepal: Conflict Alert, Brussels, 2 September 2015)

1st draft of new constitution (07/07/2015, unofficial translation)

Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction (MoPR)

Ways to destroy a nation: bandh calendar

Tracking national and international funding, a tool by Open Nepal Initiative, Young Innovations

Human Rights Watch: Silenced and Forgotten  Survivors of Nepal’s Conflict-Era Sexual Violence. September 23, 2014

International Commission of Jurists (ICJ): Justice denied: The 2014 Commission on Investigation of Disappeared Persons, Truth and Reconciliation Act. Geneva, May 2014

U.S. Department of State: Nepal 2013 Human Rights Report

International Commission of Jurists (ICJ): Authority without accountability: The struggle for justice in Nepal. Geneva, 29 October 2013

Missing persons in Nepal: Updated list 2013. Report by ICRC, 30 August 2013

Nepal Armed Violence Assessment, by Small Arms Survey, Switzerland

Amnesty International: Nepal: The search for justice. London, 10 January 2013

International Commission of Jurists (ICJ): Compromising justice: Nepal's proposed ordinance on commission on disappeared persons, truth and reconciliation. Geneva, October 2012

OHCHR: Nepal Conflict Report. Geneva, October 2012

International Crisis Group: Nepal's constitution (I): Evolution not revolution. Asia Report No. 233 – 27 August 2012

International Crisis Group: Nepal's constitution (II): The expanding political matrix. Asia Report No. 234 – 27 August 2012

International Crisis Group: Nepal’s Peace Process: The Endgame Nears. Asia Briefing No. 131, 13 December 2011

Adding Insult to Injury: Continued Impunity for Wartime Abuses, report by Human Rights Watch and Advocacy Forum, 01/12/2011

International Crisis Group: Nepal: From two armies to one. Asia Report No. 211, 18 August 2011

International Crisis Group: Nepal’s Fitful Peace Process, Asia Briefing No. 120, Kathmandu/Brussels, 7 April 2011

International Crisis Group. Nepal: Identity politics and federalism. Asia Report No. 199, 13 January 2011

International Crisis Group. Nepal's political rites of passage. Asia Report No. 194, 29 September 2010

International Crisis Group. Nepal: Peace and justice. Asia Report No. 184, 14 January 2010

Report of the Secretary-General on the request of Nepal for United Nations assistance in support of its peace process. 7 January 2010

The Carter Center International Observation Mission in Nepal. First Interim Report. 26 August 2009

UNDP. Nepal Human Development Report 2009, 17 August 2009

International Crisis Group. Nepal’s Future: In Whose Hands? Asia Report No. 173, 13 August 2009 [see complete report]

International Commission of Jurists. Disappearances in Nepal: Addressing the past, securing the future. Briefing paper, March 2009

International Crisis Group. Nepal's Faltering Peace Process. Asia Report No. 163, 19 February 2009 [see full report as PDF file]

Prabin K. Prajapati. Feminist Movements from Global to Local: Has it helped Women Empowerment Process? Patriarchy and Status of Nepali Women. Lund University, Sweden, November 2008

Prabin K. Prajapati. An open letter to prime Minister Prachanda from a victim of People’s War. Lund University, Sweden, 9 September 2008

Prabin K. Prajapati. Development Challenges in New Sociopolitical Structure: A Case of Nepal. Lund University, Sweden, August 2008

International Crisis Group. Nepal’s Election: A Peaceful Revolution? Asia Report No. 155, 3 July 2008 [full text]

International Crisis Group. Nepal’s New Political Landscape. Asia Report No. 156, 3 July 2008 [full text]

United Nations Security Council. Report of the Secretary-General on the request of Nepal for United Nations assistance in support of its peace process. 12 May 2008

Conflict Study Center. Nepal's CA Polls on Third Attempt and Its Challenges. Situation Update 68 (Unedited Version), April 4, 2008

International Crisis Groups. Nepal’s Election and Beyond. Asia Report No. 149, 2 April 2008 [full text as pdf]

Conflict Study Center. Key Parties' Manifestos to CA Polls in Nepal: Comparative Study of the Maoist, UML and NC. Kathmandu, 28 March 2008

Amnesty International. Fear for safety / fear of torture or ill-treatment/ possible enforced disappearance: Tsering Dhondup (m) aged 27. Urgent Action, 27 March 2008

Tek Tamrakar. Federalism with a Dalit perspective. 25 March 2008

Prabin K. Prajapati. Political transition in Nepal: Chances of Resembling Faustian Model of Development. Lund University, Sweden, March 2008

Prabin K. Prajapati. Text and Pretext of New Nepal. Lund University, Sweden, January 2008

Manjushree Thapa. Frieden ist mehr als eine Wahl. Bono-Direkthilfe e.V., 19.12.2007

International Crisis Group. Nepal: Peace Postponed. Asia Briefing No. 72, 18 December 2007

Human Rights and Security Challenges. FES, News Update, 4 December 2008

Krämer, Karl-Heinz. Chancen für eine positive Entwicklung des Friedensprozesses in Nepal. FES, November 2007

Colette Rausch, Shobhakar Budhathoki and Karon Cochran-Budhathoki. Nepal In Transition : Strengthening Security and the Rule of Law. Findings of Nepal Police - Civil Society Dialogue. USIP, Public Report, September 2007

Prabin K. Prajapati. Is Nepalese politics going towards anarchism? A view on CA election postponement. Lund University, Sweden, October 2007

Karon Cochran-Budhathoki and Scott Worden. Transitional Justice in Nepal: A Look at the International Experience of Truth Commissions. USIPeace Briefing, September 2007

Prabin K. Prajapati. CA Election and New Nepal: A Review from Perspective of Democratic Practice. Lund University, Sweden, September 2007

Karon Cochran-Budhathoki and Colette Rausch. Constituent Assembly Elections and Security in Nepal. USIPeace Briefing, August 2007

Amnesty International. Reconciliation does not mean impunity: A Memorandum on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Bill. 13 August 2007

Canada Forum for Nepal. Send message of unity to Nepal. 6 August 2007

Human Rights Home. Letter to British Ambassador Andrew Hall. 24 July 2007

International Crisis Group. Nepal's troubled Tarai region. Asia Report No. 136, 9 July 2007

Prabin K. Prajapati. YCL, Eight Parties and People's Mandate. Lund, Sweden, July 2007

Karon Cochran-Budhathoki and Colette Rausch. Nepal in Transition: Developing Security and Rule of Law Strategies. USIPeace Briefing, May 2007

International Crisis Group. Nepal’s Maoists: Purists or Pragmatists? Asia Report No. 132, 18 May 2007.

Human Rights Watch. Last Hope: The Need for Durable Solutions for Bhutanese Refugees in Nepal and India (17/05/2007)

Women groups and organisation. Press statement on the non-inclusive new council of ministers. April 2, 2007.

U.S. Department of State. Nepal: Country Report on Human Rights Practices - 2006. Released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 6, 2007

International Crisis Group. Nepal's constitutional process. Asia Report No. 128, 26 February 2007

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Nepal: 2007 Common Appeal for Transition Support. Summary of Requirements by Thematic Area as of 23 February 2007

ICRC. List of more than 800 persons still missed in Nepal. 15/02/2007

Interim Constitution, 2063 B.S. (Nepali text). 15/01/2007 [see unofficial English translation]

Relief Web: Nepal: Reports of security incidents - December 21, 2006 - January 10, 2007. 11/01/2007

Conflict Study Center. Nepal’s Interim Constitution: Inspiring Versus Cynical Experience. 31/12/2006

National Democratic Republican Front. Press release, 18/12/2006

International Crisis Group: Nepal’s Peace Agreement: Making it Work. Asia Report No. 126, 15 December 2006 (full report)

Indigenous Women Republican Front (Inworef). Open letter to Mr. Ian Martin, Personal Envoy of the UN Secretary General to Nepal for proportionate representation and women sensitive peace process. Kathmandu, Nepal, 12/12/2006

Peace Women Alliance, PEWA Nepal. Open letter from Women Peace Alliance, PEWA to Mr. Ian Martin, Personal Envoy of the UN Secretary General to Nepal for inclusive, proportionate representation and women sensitive peace process. Kathmandu, Nepal, 12/12/2006

Karon Cochran-Budhathoki, Defend Human Rights Movement-Nepal. Security Sector Reform in Nepal: The Role of Civil Society. United States Institute of Peace, December 2006

Conflict Study Center. Situation Update XVII: Nepal’s Culture of Impunity. 09/12/2006

Conflict Study Center. Situation Update XVI: Another Milestone for Peace: Army and Arms Management in Nepal. 01/12/2006

12-Point Understanding Concluded between Seven Political Parties and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), New Delhi, 22 November 2005

Copyright © Nepal Research.
nepalresearch.org is not liable for any unsuitable material found in any of the links included in this web site.
Please contact the respective web sites for any relevant information.